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South Shields is a coastal town at the mouth of the River TyneEnglandabout 4. Historically in County DurhamSouth Shields Tyne And Wear United Kingdom town has a population of 75, the third largest in Tyneside after Newcastle and Gateshead.

It is part of the metropolitan borough of South Tyneside which includes the towns of Jarrow and Hebburn. The first evidence of a settlement within what is now the town of South Shields dates from pre-historic times. The Roman garrison built a fort here around AD [1] and expanded it around AD to help supply their soldiers along Hadrian's Wall. Divisions living at the fort included Tigris bargemen from Persia and modern day Iraqgo here from Iberia and Gaul, and Syrian archers and spearmen.

The fort was abandoned as the Roman Empire declined in the 4th century AD. Many ruins still exist today and some structures have been rebuilt as part of a modern museum and popular tourist attraction. There is evidence that the site was used in the early post-Roman period as a British settlement. It is believed it became a royal residence of King Oswald of Northumbria ; records show that his son Oswin was born within 'Caer Urfa', by which name the fort is thought to be known after the Romans left.

Furthermore, Bede records Oswin giving a parcel of land to St Hilda for the foundation of a monastery here in c. In the 9th century, Scandinavian peoples made Viking raids on monasteries and settlements all along the coast, and later conquered the Anglian Kingdoms of Northumbria, Mercia and East Anglia, who hailed from Angelnen in Denmark modern day Germany. It is South Shields Tyne And Wear United Kingdom in local folklore that a Viking ship was wrecked at Herd Sands in South Shields in its attempts to disembark at a cove nearby.

The current town was founded in and developed as a fishing port. Another industry that was introduced, was that of salt-panning, later expanded upon in the 15th century, polluting the air and surrounding land. Ina Tyne Commissioners dredger brought up a nine-pounder breech-loading cannon; more cannonballs have been found in the sands beside the Lawe; these artifacts belonged to the English civil war.

In the 19th century, coal mining, alkaline production and glass making led to a boom in the town. The population increased from 12, in to 75, by the s, bolstered by economic read article from IrelandScotland and other parts of England. These industries played a fundamental part in creating wealth both regionally and nationally.

Inwith the Great Reform Act, South Shields and Gateshead were each given their own Member of Parliament and became boroughs, resulting in taxes being paid to the Government instead of the Bishops of Durham.

However, the rapid growth in population brought on by the expansion of industry made sanitation a problem, as evident by Cholera outbreaks and the building of the now-listed Cleadon Water Tower to combat the problem. In article source s 'The Tyne Improvement Commission' began to develop the river, dredging it to make it deeper and building the large, impressive North and South Piers [6] to help prevent silt build up within the channel.

Particularly, a bomb shelter in the market place of South Shields, where the deceased were commemorated in a cobblestone of the British flag. Later controversially removed and the bodies interred elsewhere.

Gradually throughout the late 20th century, the coal and shipbuilding industries were closed during the Thatcher political era, due to competitive pressures from more cost effective sources of energy including workers and more efficient shipbuilding elsewhere in Eastern Europe e. Poland and in South East Asia.

In the 21st century, the local economy primarily includes port-related, ship repair and offshore industries, manufacturing, retail nearby Sunderland, Newcastle and Durhamthe public sector and the ever-increasing role of tourism. This is illustrated by the new multi-million haven centre, dunes centre and seaside improvements in the coastal area and a new multimillion pound library known as 'The Word.

It has six miles of coastline and three miles of river frontage, dominated by the massive North and South Piers at the mouth of the Tyne. These are best viewed from the Lawe Top, which also houses two replicas of cannon http://24dating.me/vygi/how-to-admit-audio-recording-into-evidence-california.php from the Russians during the Crimean War the originals having been melted during World War II.

The town slopes gently from Cleadon Hills down to the river. Cleadon Hills are made conspicuous by the Victorian Cleadon Water Tower and pumping station opened in to improve sanitation and a now derelict windmillboth of which are listed and can be seen from many miles away and also out at sea. South Shields South Shields Tyne And Wear United Kingdom extensive beaches, sand dunes and coves, as well as dramatic Magnesian Limestone cliffs with grassy areas above known as The Leaswhich cover three miles of the coastline and are a National Trust protected area.

Marsden Bay, with its famous Marsden Rock and historic Grotto public house and restaurant set in the cliffs, is home to one of the largest seabird colonies in Britain. One of the most historic parts of the town is the quaint and beautiful Westoe village, which consists of a quiet street of click grade and 2nd grade Georgian and Victorian houses, many of which had been built by business leaders from the coal and shipping industries in the town.

South Shields Tyne And Wear United Kingdom

Given its beautiful setting, parks and trees, this street was often the setting South Shields Tyne And Wear United Kingdom a number of books by the novelist Catherine Cookson.

BeforeSouth Shields was a predominantly sparse hamlet and village based rural economy with some small-scale shipbuilding, glass making and salt processing along the riverside. Beyond and into the Industrial RevolutionSouth Shields expanded into an urban settlement built around shipbuilding and coal mining.

The majority of the people living in South Shields are descendants of those who migrated and settled in the area during the Industrial Revolution in order to work in expanding coalmines and shipyards. Towards the end of the 19th century, with the British Navy needing seamen, Yemeni British sailors read more in the town, this resulted in the first roots of the Yemeni British community in the town.

In South Shields, 6. The Bangladeshi community is the third largest in Tyne and Wearafter Newcastle upon Tyne and Sunderland with around 1. Nearly all of the ethnic minority population in South Tyneside is concentrated in South Shields town centre and suburban areas immediately to the south such as Rekendyke and Westoe. There are hardly any in JarrowHebburn which are the other two major areas in the borough.

Guest house was lovely Best to stay in warmer weather Museum and library worth a vist Can see miles around from viewing area upstairs in the library and they do lovely meals also Great for short breaks in winter time Good value meals the pubs in the Main Street Smiths chippy worth a visit great meal value for money. Looking to upskill your current job, or are you looking to learn after time away from the workplace, or seeking entirely new employment opportunities? The south lighthouse displays an occulting sector light with white, red and green sectors.

The population of the South Tyneside Metropolitan borough had decreased fromintoin Inthe population of South Shields was 82, Population data from the United Kingdom Census return classifies South Shields Tyne And Wear United Kingdom Shields as a medium sized coastal town. South Shields has been home to a Yemeni Read article community since the s.

The main reason for the Yemeni arrival was the supply of seamen, such as engine room firemen, to British merchant vessels. Similar communities were founded in HullLiverpool and Cardiff.

At the time of the First World War there was a shortage of crews due to the demands of the fighting and many Yemenis were recruited to serve on British ships at the port of Adenthen under British protection. At the end of the war, the Yemeni population of South Shields had swelled to well over 3, Shields lost one of the largest proportions of Merchant Navy sailors.

Approximately 1 in 4 of these men was of Yemeni background. Disputes over jobs led to race riots - also called the Arab Riots - in and However, over time, attitudes to Yemenis in the town were softened and there was no significant recurrence of this violence.

Today, the Yemeni population of South Shields numbers around 1, The Yemeni are the first, settled Muslim community in Britain and have been used to justify multi-culturalism.

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This story is covered in a documentary film, The King of South Shields film website. The exhibition depicted the Yemeni story as an example of early successful multi-cultural integration in Britain, as well as showcasing the high-profile visit by Muhammad Ali.

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The resultant play RIOT was staged at the venue in and InSouth Shields resident and filmmaker Tina Gharavi unveiled plans for a plaque to mark Ali's visit. Inthe detective series George Gentlybased on the novels by Alan Hunterportrayed the Yemeni integration in a s setting. The Bangladeshi community is actually larger than the Yemeni community however Yemenis have been in the South Shields a lot longer. The Bangladeshi community is the third largest in the North East of England.

Despite a skilled local workforce, for many years South Tyneside had the highest unemployment rate in mainland Britain, [23] although between December and December unemployment in South Shields fell by In Januarythe Guardian reported the unemployment rate at 6.

In October the Click at this page reported the unemployment rate at 7. The Port of Tyne is one of the UK's most important and is further developing its freight and passenger activities. Init imported two million tonnes of coal. South Shields benefits from significant public and private sector investment. More recently this has included primarily the town centre, riverside and foreshore areas, given the decline of once-traditional heavy industries with the town's growing importance as a major commercial centre and tourist destination.

As well as being the oldest and largest town in South Tyneside, South Shields is also one of the region's most popular seaside resorts. The area markets itself as Catherine Cookson Countrywhich attracts many visitors. Further improvements and developments to the seafront are planned. Work on the North and South Tyne Piers was begun in for the protection of shipping entering South Shields Tyne And Wear United Kingdom leaving the river.

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It was originally intended that the North Tynemouth Pier and lighthouse would mirror their South Shields counterparts, but a series of breaches and collapses meant that the North Pier was completed much later and to a different design. The South Pier was finished in and its lighthouse was operational that same year. The south lighthouse displays an occulting sector light with white, red and green sectors. The green sector is used to indicate safe waters near the coast to the north of Tynemouth, while red indicates an area with numerous wrecks to the east and south of the lighthouse.

There is a third lighthouse just upstream of the pier, on the Herd Groyne constructed in to preserve Littlehaven Beach, formerly known as Herd Sands, which had begun to be washed away by the change of currents caused by the South Shields Tyne And Wear United Kingdom piers.

The Herd Groyne lighthouse was refurbished and repainted in A prominent landmark is the Edwardian Town Hall, builta sumptuous building "the most convincing expression in the county of Edwardian prosperity".

South Shields Tyne And Wear United Kingdom

Ornamentation includes several references to the town's nautical heritage: Britannia and other sculpted figures in the pediment above the front entrance, a figure of Mercury atop a globe on the dome of the Council chamber, fountains and nymph lampholders in the forecourt alongside a statue of Queen Victoria.

The foot clock tower contains a Potts chiming clock and five bells, and is topped by a weathervane in the shape of a galleon. The Old Town Hall, a handsome square building ofprovides the centrepiece of the Market Place and closes the vista along King Street.

Tyne and Wear either has or closely borders two official Met Office stations, neither located in one of the major urban centres. Local schooling is generally regarded as being very good, which is reflected in continuing improvements to school results and independent inspections. In South Shields, 6.

The ground floor is open with arches on each side and a central pillar which predates the rest of the structure ; the enclosed first floor has pitched roof, topped by a wooden bell turret. Originally built and used by here Dean and South Shields Tyne And Wear United Kingdom of Durhamit was sold by them to the town Corporation in There is a good choice of restaurants, cafes, public houses and nightlife as well as hotels, guest houses and caravan parks.

South Shields plays host to an annual free summer festival and each autumn the town is the seaside finish to the world-famous Great North Run. South Shields is also home to Colmans, established inwhich is a multi-award winning seafood restaurant and takeaway. South Shields has also become the home of the South Tyneside Continue reading Festival, here annual event created by Martin Duffy, and supported by the local council, The Custom House Theatre, the local magic shop Magic Box, and numerous local and national independent investors.

The festival was started in incorporates magic in the community - magicians perform in schools, libraries and aged persons homes during the week as well as public gala shows at the Customs House. The culmination of the week is the Magic Convention - 3 days of lectures and shows by the world's best magicians.

South Shields is home to South Tyneside Collegeone of the two leading maritime training centres in the UK, with facilities including a marine safety training centre and a simulated ship's bridge for the training of deck officers. The college was also home to the only planetarium in the region, and to an observatory ; and in its time was a popular visitor attraction for local schools and visitors in general. The observatory was used for 20 years and in it was deemed redundant to the future curriculum needs of the college.

Local schooling is generally regarded as being very good, which is reflected in continuing improvements to school results and independent inspections.